Preparation of Manuscipts

Please observe the following points in preparing manuscripts. Papers not conforming closely to these instructions may be returned to their authors for appropriate revision or may be delayed in the review process.

Readability: Manuscripts should be written in clear, concise and grammatically correct English (British or American English throughout). The editors can not undertake wholesale revisions of poorly written papers. Every paper must be free of unnecessary jargon and clearly readable by any specialist of applied ecology or environmental research. The abstract should be written in an explanatory style that will be comprehensible also to readers who are not experts in the subject matter.

General format: The complete paper has to be written preferably in Rich Text Format or in a MS-Word 2003 compatible file, with a maximum of 30 pages including text, figures and tables. Page size: A4, margins: 3 cm on each side, line spacing: single, font type: Times New Roman. Please leave headers and footers unchanged, since it should be filled by the editors.

The order of the material should be as follows: Title, Author(s), Abstract, Keywords, Main text (Introduction, Review of literature, Definitions (if any), Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion),  Acknowledgements (if any), References, Appendix (if any). This structure of the main text is not obligatory, but the paper must be logically presented. Footnotes  should be avoided.  The main text must be written with font size 12, justify, first indent 0.5 cm. Within each main section, two levels of subheadings are available and the titles must be with bold, bold and italic, italic respectively.

The manuscript should contain tho whole text, figures, tables and explanations according to the followings (we suggest using the file):

Title: Should be brief and informative. The title should reflect the most important aspects of the article, in a preferably concise form of not more than 100 characters and spaces. Font size 14, capital letters, center alignment. Style: 01 Title of Paper

By-line: Names (size 11, small capital, Style: 02 Names of Authors) of the authors. No inclusion of scientific titles is necessary. In case of two or more authors, place their names in the same row, separate them with a hyphen (not with a comma) and please indicate the corresponding author with * in superscript. Authors from different institutions must be labelled with numbers in superscript after the names. Addresses of the authors, phone and fax number and e-mail should be also given (size 11, italic, Style: 03 Addresses of Authors).  

Abstract: Required for all manuscripts in which the problem, the principal results and conclusions are summarised. The abstract must be self-explanatory, preferably typed in one paragraph and limited to max. 200 words. It should not contain formulas, references or abbreviations. Size 10, only the word Abstract. bold, justify. (Style: 04 Text of Abstract)
Later, also the Acknowledgements (if any) should be written in this format.

Keywords: Keywords should not exceed five, not including items appearing in the title. The keywords should be supplied indicating the scope of the paper. Size 10, italic, justify, only the word Keywords must be bold.

Authors should include Abbreviations and Nomenclature listings when necessary.

In the main text part (Introduction, Review of Literature, Definitions, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion) for the titles use style: 05 Main Section Title and for the text you should use style 06 Main Text Format.
In case you apply further sectioning and subtitles, please use the following Styles:
07 Subsection title and 08 Subheading, if necessary.
If there are listings in the text use the style 15 Listing.

Introduction: The introduction must clearly state the problem, the reason for doing the work, the hypotheses or theoretical predictions under consideration and the essential background. It should not contain equations or mathematical notation. Section numbering and headings begin here.

Review of Literature:  A brief survey of the relevant literature, so that a non-specialist reader could understand the significance of the presented results.

Materials and Methods: Provide sufficient details to permit repetition of the experimental work. The technical description of methods should be given when such methods are new.

Results: Results should be presented concisely. Only in exceptional cases will it be permissible to present the same set of results in both table and figure. The results section should not be used for discussion.

Discussion: Point out the significance of the results, and place the results in the context of other work and theoretical background.

Conslusion: Should be a short highlighting of the major findings of the study, and the meaning and importance of those findings, reflecting to the aims of the study (described at the end of introduction).

Acknowledgements: (if any) These should be placed in a separate paragraph at the end of the text, immediately before the list of references. It may include funding information too. Font size 10, the word Acknowledgements. is bold. Use Style: 04 Text of Abstract.

References: In the text references should be cited in Harvard style (Author, year). Alternatively, the author’s surname may be integrated into the text, followed by the year of publication in parentheses. Cite only essential resources, avoid citing unpublished material. References to papers "in press" must mean that the article has been accepted for publication.
At the end of the paper list references alphabetically by the last name of the first author. Please, list only those references that are cited in the text and prepare this list as an automatically numbered list. The word References with size 11, bold, capital letters, center alignment. Use style: 09 References Title and for the detailed reference list use 13 Reference List Style.
 The list should contain names and initials of all of the authors.

For book references give the author(s), year of publication, title, publisher and city.

[1]    Podani, J. (1994): Multivariate Data Analysis in Ecology and Systematics. – SPB Publishing, The Hague


[2]    Thompson, J.N. (1984): Insect Diversity and the Trophic Structure of Communities. – In: Huffaker, C. B. (ed.) Ecological Entomology, Wiley-Interscience, New York

For journal references indicate the author(s), year of publication, the title of the paper, title of the journal, volume number, first and last page.

[3]    Tóthmérész, B. (1995): Comparison of different methods for diversity ordering. – Journal of Vegetation Science 6: 283–290.

For references to working papers or dissertations cite the author, title, type of document, department, university and location.

Figures:  All photographs, graphs and diagrams should be numbered consecutively (e.g. Figure 1) in the order in which they are referred in the text. Caption must appear below the figure (size 11, italic) and should be sufficiently detailed to enable to understand apart from the text. The style Figure 1. 10 Figure Titles should be used, which also contains the serial number of the given figure (since it is a listing), so consecutive numbers of figures will be generated automatically. Thus, you don’t need to number them manually.
Explanation of lettering and symbols should be given also in the caption and only exceptionally in the figures. Figures should be of good quality and preferably in black and white. (Color figures will appear in the downloadable files, but all papers will be printed in black and white.)
Figures should be designed to fit to the text area and must be embedded. In addition authors are requested to submit each figure also as an image file in one of the following formats: pcx, bmp, tif, wmf, jpg or eps.

Tables: Tables should be self-explanatory. They should be mentioned in the text, numbered consecutively (e.g. Table 1) and accompanied by title at the top (size 11, italic). For the title of Tables use: Table 1. 11 Table Titles, which style also contains the serial number of the given table (since it is a listing), so consecutive numbers of tables will be generated automatically. In this case you don’t need to number them manually.
Each column should should carry a brief, appropiate heading. Use Style 14 Table Text Bold for headings and 14 Table Text for data. Tables will be reproducted in the journal in the format presented in the final submission. Please insert all the tables in the text, do not enclose huge tables which can not be fit within the page margins.

Mathematical expressions:  In general minimize unusual typographical requirements, use solidus, built-up fractions. Avoid lengthy equations that will take several lines (possibly by defining terms of the equation in separate displays). For drawing equations please use the Equation Editor of Word. Make subscripts and superscripts clear. The letter l and the number 1, the letter O and the number 0, which are identical on most keyboards, should be identified clearly. The meaning of the symbols and the difference between upper and lower case letters should be defined. Display only those mathematical expressions that must be numbered for later reference or that need to be emphasized. Number displayed equations consecutively throuhout the paper. The numbers should be placed in parentheses to the right  of the equation e.g. ( Eq. 1), which is generated automatically by the Style: 12 Equation Numbers.